Multifaceted demands on a project manager

Projects are strategic in nature, so are the demands on a project manager. Organizational success, achievement of business goals is directly linked to the successful completion of projects on time, within budget and with quality. The project manager has to cater to the needs of the project, the organization (organizations), industry, professional discipline and across disciplines. Performing integration is the key role of the project manager. Performing integration comprises of the ‘Plan, Do, Check and Act’ of integrating the efforts and work of all to achieve the project goals.

The key stakeholders of the project management role

The project

  • Business analysts
  • Design
  • Engineering
  • Procurement
  • Quality management
  • Risk management
  • Resource management
  • Procurement management
  • Consultants
  • Customer
  • Contractors

The Organization

  • Sponsors
  • Senior management
  • Functional managers
  • Peers (other project managers)

The Industry

  • Industry trends / technological advances
  • Standards organizations
  • Products and prices
  • Competitors
  • Industry benchmarks

Professional discipline

  • Professional bodies like PMI, AACE, Agile alliance, Scrum alliance, PMRI
  • Engineers associations
  • Association of project cost accountants
  • Environmentalists
  • Ethics committees
  • Universities
  • Project management blogging communities
  • Linked in groups
  • Networking with industry experts

Across disciplines

  • Collaborative innovation across disciplines

As we can see, project manager’s is a very strategic role and calls for diverse skills and qualities to cater to the demands of the stakeholders, both internal and external.

PMI’s talent triangle

Skills of a leader

  • Commitment
  • Being a visionary (without total commitment, one will not be able to articulate the vision)
  • Optimistic and inspiring positive attitude
  • Collaborative outlook
  • Relationship building
  • Conflict management
  • Effective communication (Project managers spend about 90% of their time in communication). This include listening skills as well.
  • Demonstrating professional ethics of project managers in all transactions (Responsibility, Respect, Fairness, Honesty)
  • Sharing credit with others
  • Lifelong learner
  • Result oriented
  • Ability to prioritize and focus on important things
  • Ability to manage politics and power and get things done

Performing integration

Projects comprises of multiple sub-teams and even contractors, sub-contractors. Each one of them will have individual plans (engineering plan, design plan,construction plan, procurement plan, quality plan, risk plan, safety plan, scope management plan, schedule management plan etc). All these have to be integrated into a cohesive integrated project plan during the planning phase, and must be continually integrated throughout the project life cycle. During execution, the work packages from these entities have to be integrated. Performing integration at the plan level and at the work package level is a key responsibility of the project manager and she has to have the necessary knowledge, skills and drive to perform this role during the entire project duration

Reference : The project management body of knowledge PMBOK by PMI, USA.

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