The project environment

Enterprise environmental factors – EEF

  • Organizational culture
  • Organizational structure (functional, matrix, projectized, composite)
  • Distribution of facilities and resources
  • Resource availability (manpower, machine, material)
  • Labor laws
  • Political climate
  • Environmental laws
  • Salary structures
  • Transportation facilities
  • Information systems
  • National holidays
  • Work culture
  • Climatic conditions (Weather conditions)
  • Waste disposal norms
  • Trade unions etc..

Can be internal or external to the organization.

Organizational process assets – OPA

  • Quality management systems
  • Reusable components
  • Proprietary data
  • Processes, procedures, guidelines, templates
  • Lessons learned
  • Databases
  • Project management information systems (PMIS)
  • Management information systems (MIS)
  • Organizational governance frameworks (structures, systems)
  • Organizational structures (Reference PMBOK V6 Page 47)
    • Organic or simple – PM has very less authority
    • Functional – PM has very less authority
    • Multi divisional – PM has very less authority
    • Matrix (cross functional teams)
      • Strong matrix – PM has moderate to high power
      • Weak matrix – PM has low power
      • Balanced matrix – PM has low to moderate power
    • Project oriented – PM has high to almost total power
    • Virtual (distributed teams) – PM has low to moderate power
    • Hybrid – Mix of other types – PM has mixed power
    • PMO (Project management office) – PM has high to almost total power
      • Supportive
      • Controlling
      • Directive

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